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PERFORMER – summary of project results
PERFORMER aims to reduce the gap between expected and actual energy performance through the development of innovative, scalable and replicable solutions to assess, monitor and ensure the continuous (and optimal) management and guarantee of building energy performance.
PERFORMER took place over a period of 4 years and included the following main project steps: elicitation of requirements from the pilot demonstrators, development of core concepts and methodologies, specification and development of various ICT tools to support the PERFORMER concepts, cost-efficient installation of required sensors and meters at pilot sites, deployment and assessment of the PERFORMER solution.
In the last part of the project, the demonstration and assessment phases have highlighted the technical challenges of replicating a common solution across a range of different building types.
Several methods for the in-situ assessment of building envelope performance (the so-called intrinsic energy performance) have been tested, with and without occupancy. The real challenge has been to find an acceptable compromise between accuracy, simplicity and costs. Results have been fed into on-going standardisation work (CEN TC 89).
The figure below outlines the overall architecture of the PERFORMER solution that has been deployed to support the continuous monitoring of actual energy performance.
Part of the specification of the PERFORMER Data Warehouse (PDW) involved developing a method for assimilating data from a range of devices (BMS, sensors, meters, etc). Scripts were developed for each demonstrator to extract data from respective BMS and 3rd party data collection systems, and upload it on the PDW through RESTful Web services. It is noteworthy that this approach was also required for BMS at two of the demonstrators that utilise the BACnet communications protocol for Building Automation and Control (which although being a global standard under ISO 16484-5 is applied differently by BMS manufacturers). The scripts enabled data in a range of formats to be successfully transferred to the PERFORMER Data Warehouse (PDW) in a consistent format. This approach of hosting all monitoring data in one place in the “cloud” is a PERFORMER innovation that has the potential to find support from industry as it would provide greater opportunities for standardisation and enable third party applications to be developed to further exploit data for building energy management purposes. Furthermore, it is envisioned that a fully commercialised version of PERFORMER would incorporate a library of scripts (built up over time) to cater for the extraction of data regardless of BMS / third party data collection type.
Once available within the PDW, data relating to specific variables can be analysed using the various expert rules (anomaly, fault and gap detection modules) and viewed using the PERFORMER visualisation tool. Initially, a large proportion of variables within the PDW were found to contain anomalies which led to poor training of the prediction models. As a result, a new anomaly detection module was developed to allow early detection of data problems and decide whether or not a prediction model can be learnt, thereby freeing up computation time for the generation of reliable prediction models. Expert rules relating to fault detection (data that falls outside of an acceptable range) and gap detection (measured data that is significantly different to a predicted value) have been developed to identify variables that are candidates for further interrogation via the PERFORMER visualisation tool. This innovative approach of using expert rules analysis prior to visualisation allows identification of issues more easily than certain other non-smart platforms that are only capable of displaying unprocessed data from a range of sources. In particular the “Heat Maps” tool allows a first and quick visualisation of the probability of faults (for example, lighting being on when not needed, or sensor failure). A bright red colour indicates when a fault is detected for a particular variable, whereas normal operating conditions are represented by a green colour.
The PERFORMER analytical tools mean that it can be used to identify problems that may not otherwise be apparent or be used as a diagnostic tool to establish a cause for known energy or environmental issues (e.g. high energy costs or comfort issues). Smart analytics modules can be used to identify trends, forecast future consumption and calculate KPIs for different building types. The tools are particularly tailored for use by building or facilities managers, but could also be exploited by energy consultants or ESCOs supporting clients with improvement aspirations, thanks to remote web access and the common visualisation format that negates the need for users to have to understand multiple BMS/ monitoring interfaces. This also makes it particularly suited to local authorities or other managers of multiple assets, allowing easy comparative analysis in a unified format.
Competitor analysis indicates that the PERFORMER solution would be entering into a highly competitive market place. Specific innovations will need to be clearly highlighted to ensure PERFORMER can be differentiated from other similar sounding products. Workshops involving external representatives from industry have been held to discuss the market potential for the PERFORMER solution. These have identified positive impacts in the PERFORMER solution’s differentiating features and confirmed areas of innovation. Outputs from workshops have been used to steer the development of the final business model and a replication strategy to roll out the solution across the EU.
It has been determined that PERFORMER should be applicable to nearly any building that is sufficiently large to warrant a degree of sub metering to understand detailed energy use. It will also be compatible with any BMS capable of being setup to ‘push’ data to the PDW utilising scripts discussed above. In order to be as widely applicable as possible in the market, the proposed business model includes various levels of service offerings for the tools, from simple data visualisation only (similar to many other tools commercially available) through to customisable options where new rules and KPIs could be incorporated to meet clients’ specific needs. Optional tailored consultancy support will also be offered by PERFORMER Partners to help clients – particularly those new to the tools – streamline deployment and get the most from its functionality. Assuming buildings were already well equipped with sensing and metering equipment, the platform could be rapidly deployed and used for short term commissioning and troubleshooting purposes. However, the greatest gains are anticipated from long term deployment and some customisation of sensing/ metering equipment to help owners and managers understand and better-guarantee enduring energy optimisation.
This is a Malay name; the name Dahari is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Mokhtar.
|Full name||Mohd Mokhtar bin Dahari|
|Date of birth||(1953-11-13)13 November 1953|
|Place of birth||Setapak, Selangor, Federation of Malaya|
(now Setapak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
|Date of death||11 July 1991(1991-07-11) (aged 37)|
|1988–1990||Kwong Yik Bank||13||(20)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.|
Dato' Mokhtar Dahari (13 November 1953 – 11 July 1991) was a Malaysian Association football player from Setapak, Selangor (during that time). He was one of the best players in Asia in the 1970s and is known as the best Malaysian footballer during that time, a legend in Malaysian football. During the 1970s, Mokhtar played for Malaysia and Malaysia became a powerful team and defeated Asian giants such as South Korea and Japan.
He was nicknamed SuperMokh because of his playing skills, his strength and his ability to score many incredible goals throughout his career. One of Mokhtar's famous moment was when Mokhtar shook hands with Diego Maradona before a friendly game with Selangor FA against Boca Juniors.
Although not recognised internationally, Mokhtar scored 175 goals for Selangor, 20 goals in 13 appearances for Kwong Yik Bank. Research suggests that Mokhtar Dahari scored 5 goals in 20 games for Malaysia.
Born on 13 November 1953 at Setapak, Selangor (Now in Kuala Lumpur). Mokhtar was the first born to Aminah Binti Sharikan and Dahari Abeng. Dahari Abeng was a lorry driver and did not earn very much. Mokhtar moved with his family to Kampung Pandan, Kuala Lumpur at the age of 11. He attended secondary school at Victoria Institution, Kuala Lumpur. Mokhtar showed interest in playing football at an early age. He played for his school and later for his home state, Selangor FA.
If you're ashamed to stand by your colours, you'd better seek for another flag!
Mokhtar first played for Selangor FA in the Burnley Cup, which they won. He was later asked to play for Selangor FA regularly. He became the top scorer in his first season playing for Selangor. He helped Selangor win many tournaments, mainly the Malaysia Cup. Mokhtar, proving his loyalty for the Selangor team, was quoted as saying: "I live and die for Selangor." [a] Later, he was selected to play for the national team of Malaysia. He was only 19 years old when he first played for the Malaysia national football team in an international game. Mokhtar helped Selangor FA win the Malaysia Cup 10 times and scored 177 goals altogether. He was the best striker in Malaysia. His first game for Malaysia national football team was against Sri Lanka national football team in 1972. He helped Malaysia win the 1974 Asian Games Bronze medals and successive SEA Games gold medals in 1977 and 1979. He even scored a double winning goals for 2–0 Malaysia League XI against Arsenal FC in a friendly game in 1975 that led to rumours of the English top clubs' interest in him. After the game, he had an offer from European giant, Real Madrid CF but declined to join because his patriotism to Malaysia and Selangor FA. Known for his speed and accuracy, Mokhtar was named the best Asian striker by the World Star Soccer magazine when he was 23 years old.
Mokhtar was famous for his speed. Roars of "Supermokh" from the crowds were common. Many of the younger generation idolised him. Even more tried to imitate his moves on the field. Mokhtar once scored a goal for Malaysia from the half way line beaten Joe Corrigan through an incredible shot in a 1–1 draw against England B in 1978, dribbling past half of the opposing team coached by Bobby Robson. Even memorable was when Gordon Hill praised Mokhtar as Hero Dahari in Shoot! magazine in his column after the England B tour in 1978.
Mokhtar Dahari retired in May 1986 after winning the Malaysia Cup for Selangor FA. He then gave his number 10 jersey to the Raja Muda Selangor. He came out of retirement in January 1987 to play one more season for Selangor FA.
After Mokhtar started getting injury problems, he became a local coach to help the younger generation become better footballers. One of his trainees was a young Roshan Thiran, future Co-founder and CEO of Leaderonomics, who regularly speaks on his experiences playing under Mokhtar. SuperMokh also asked his former Selangor partner, Reduan Abdullah to write a book about his life and his career. Mokhtar also coached for Selangor at times. After his retirement, he became a player and mainly a coach for Kwong Yik Bank after his career.
Before becoming a professional footballer, he played other sports such as badminton, sepak takraw and hockey. Mokhtar worked for PKNS in the afternoons and played football in the evenings. He earned little during his time with PKNS. He later quit PKNS and worked for Kwong Yik Bank to gain better prospects for himself and his family.
Mokhtar met Zarina Binti Ibrahim through friends. After knowing her for 10 years, they finally got married. Mokhtar is a father of 3. Nur Azera Mohd Mokhtar is his eldest daughter and Mohd Reza Mohd Mokhtar his eldest son. Nur Arina Mohd Mokhtar is his youngest daughter.
Mokhtar began having throat problems and went to the hospital to find out what the problem was. Doctors diagnosed him as having motor neurone disease (MND). His condition was told only to Mokhtar and his wife. Mohktar went to London with his wife in an attempt to cure his condition.
After 3 years battling the disease, Mokhtar died at Subang Jaya Medical Centre (SJMC) on 11 July 1991. The press reported Mokhtar's suffering from muscular dystrophy and his subsequent death.
His story and the cause of his death was later revealed for the first time in a documentary The Untold Truth About Supermokh, on The National Geographic Channel on 30 August 2010, featuring Mokhtar's friends and family. His body was laid to rest at Taman Keramat Permai Muslim Cemetery in Taman Keramat, Ampang, Selangor.
Several places and honours were named after him, including:
- The Mokhtar Dahari Community Square or Dataran Komuniti Mokhtar Dahari, a community hall located at Kampung Pandan, Kuala Lumpur was named after him where Mokhtar used to stay, occasionally playing football there.
- There is a futsal court, Gelanggang Mokhtar Dahari(Moktar Dahari Futsal Court) located at Putrajaya Futsal Complex in Putrajaya.
- There is a national football academy was named after him, Akademi Bola Sepak Negara Mokhtar Dahari(Mokhtar Dahari National Football Academy) located at Gambang, Pahang was established on 10 April 2014.
- The Shah Alam-Batu Arang Highway which connecting Shah Alam and Puncak Alam was renamed Persiaran Mokhtar Dahari in 2014.
- In 2014, Google celebrates his 61st birthday.
- There is a theater showcase his legendary football career in Istana Budaya called Super Mokh portrayed by Malaysian actor named Awie.
- Selangor FA
- Champion: 1984
- Winner: 1972, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1986
- Winner: 1985, 1987
- Winners: 1973, 1974, 1976, 1979
- Winners: 1977, 1979
- Runners-up: 1981
- Bronze Medal: 1974
- ^Original: "Saya hidup dan mati untuk Selangor."