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Environment day
Official nameUN World Environment Day
Also calledEco Day, Environment Day, WED
TypeInternational
SignificanceEnvironmental issues awareness
ObservancesEnvironment Protection
Date5 June
First time5 June 1974; 43 years ago (5 June 1974)

World Environment Day (WED) occurs on 5 June every year, and is the United Nations' principal vehicle for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. First held in 1974, it has been a flagship campaign for raising awareness on emerging environmental issues from marine pollution, human overpopulation, and global warming, to sustainable consumption and wildlife crime. WED has grown to become a global platform for public outreach, with participation from over 143 countries annually. Each year, WED has a new theme that major corporations, NGOs, communities, governments and celebrities worldwide adopt to advocate environmental causes.

History[edit]

World Environment Day [WED] was established by the UN General Assembly in 1972[1] on the first day of Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment, resulting from discussions on the integration of human interactions and the environment. Two years later, in 1974 the first WED was held with the theme "Only One Earth". Even though WED celebration have been held annually since 1974, in 1987 the idea for rotating the center of these activities through selecting different host countries began.

Annual themes and major initiatives and accomplishments[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2016)

For almost five decades, World Environment Day has been raising awareness, supporting action, and driving change. Here is a timeline of key accomplishments in WEDs’ history:

2018[edit]

The theme for this year is 'Beat Plastic Pollution'.The host nation is India.[2]

2017[edit]

The theme for 2017 is 'Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator'. The host nation is Canada.[3]

2016[edit]

The 2016 WED was organized under the theme "Go wild for life". This edition of the WED aims to reduce and prevent the illegal trade in wildlife.[4]Angola was chosen as the host country of the 2016 WED during the COP21 in Paris.[5][6]

2015[edit]

The Slogan of the 2015 edition of the World Environment Day is "Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care". The slogan was picked through a voting process on social media.[7][8] In Saudi Arabia, 15 women recycled 2000 plastic bags to crochet a mural in support of the WED 2015.[9] In India, Narendra Modi planted a Kadamb sapling to celebrate the World Environment Day and raise awareness for Environment.[10][11] Italy is the host country of the 43rd edition of the WED. The celebrations took place as part of Milan Expo around the theme: Feeding the Planet - Energy for Life.[12]

2014[edit]

The Theme of the 2014 WED is : International Year of Small Islands Developing States (SIDS). By choosing this Theme the UN General Assembly aimed to highlight the development Challenges and successes of the SIDS. In 2014, the World Environment Day focused on global warming and its impact on ocean levels.[13] The Slogan of the WED 2014 is "Raise your voice not the sea level", as Barbados hosted the global celebrations of the 42nd edition of the World Environment Day.[14][15] The UN Environement Programme named actor Ian Somerhalder as the official Goodwill ambassador of the WED 2014.[16]

2013[edit]

The 2013 theme for World Environment Day was Think.Eat.Save.[17]

The campaign addressed the huge annual wastage and losses in food, which, if conserved, would release a large quantity of food as well as reduce the overall carbon footprint. The campaign aimed to bring about awareness in countries with lifestyles resulting in food wastage. It also aimed to empower people to make informed choices about the food they eat so as to reduce the overall ecological impact due to the worldwide production of food.[17].The host country for the year's celebrations was Mongolia.

2012[edit]

The theme for the 2012 World Environment Day was Green Economy: Does it include you?[18]

The theme aimed to invite people to examine their activities and lifestyle and see how the concept of a "Green Economy" fits into it. The host country for the year's celebrations was Brazil.[18]

2011[edit]

The theme for 2011 was Forests-Nature At Your Service. Thousands of activities were organized worldwide, with beach clean-ups, concerts, exhibits, film festivals, community events and much more. This year's global host, India, is a country of wide biodiversity.[19]

2010[edit]

'Many Species. One Planet. One Future', was the theme of 2010.

It celebrated the diversity of life on Earth as part of the 2010 International Year of Biodiversity. It was hosted in Rwanda. Thousands of activities were organized worldwide, with beach clean-ups, concerts, exhibits, film festivals, community events and much more.[20] Each continent (except Antarctica) had a "regional host city", the U.N. chose Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as the host for all North.[21]

2009[edit]

The theme for WED 2009 was 'Your Planet Needs You – UNite to Combat Climate Change', and Michael Jackson's 'Earth Song' was declared 'World Environment Day Song'. It was hosted in Mexico.[22]

2008[edit]

The host for World Environment Day 2008 was New Zealand, with the main international celebrations scheduled for Wellington. The slogan for 2008 was "CO2, Kick the Habit! Towards a Low Carbon Economy." New Zealand was one of the first countries to pledge to achieve carbon neutrality, and will also focus on forest management as a tool for reducing greenhouse gases.[23]

The Chicago Botanic Garden served as the North American host[24] for World Environment Day on 5 June 2008.

2007[edit]

The topic for World Environment Day for 2007 was "Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?" During International Polar Year, WED 2007 focused on the effects that climate change is having on polar ecosystems and communities, on other ice- and snow-covered areas of the world, and the resulting global impacts.

The main international celebrations of the WED 2007 were held in the city of Tromsø, Norway, a city north of the Arctic Circle.[25]

2006[edit]

The topic for WED 2006 was Deserts and Desertification and the slogan was "Don't desert drylands".

The slogan emphasised the importance of protecting drylands. The main international celebrations of the World Environment Day 2006 were held in Algeria.

2005[edit]

The theme for the 2005 World Environment Day was "Green Cities" and the slogan was "Plan for the Planet!".[26]

Host cities[edit]

World Environment Day celebrations have been (and will be) hosted in the following cities:[27]

YearThemeHost city
1974Only one Earth during Expo '74Spokane, United States
1975Human SettlementsDhaka, Bangladesh
1976Water: Vital Resource for LifeOntario, Canada
1977Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil DegradationSylhet, Bangladesh
1978Development Without DestructionSylhet, Bangladesh
1979Only One Future for Our Children – Development Without DestructionSylhet, Bangladesh
1980A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without DestructionSylhet, Bangladesh
1981Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food ChainsSylhet, Bangladesh
1982Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns)Dhaka, Bangladesh
1983Managing and Disposing Hazardous Waste: Acid Rain and EnergySylhet, Bangladesh
1984DesertificationRajshahi, Bangladesh
1985Youth: Population and the EnvironmentIslamabad, Pakistan
1986A Tree for PeaceOntario, Canada
1987Environment and Shelter: More Than A RoofNairobi, Kenya
1988When People Put the Environment First, Development Will LastBangkok, Thailand
1989Global Warming; Global WarningBrussels, Belgium
1990Children and the EnvironmentMexico City, Mexico
1991Climate Change. Need for Global PartnershipStockholm, Sweden
1992Only One Earth, Care and ShareRio de Janeiro, Brazil
1993Poverty and the Environment – Breaking the Vicious CircleBeijing, People's Republic of China
1994One Earth One FamilyLondon, United Kingdom
1995We the Peoples: United for the Global EnvironmentPretoria, South Africa
1996Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our HomeIstanbul, Turkey
1997For Life on EarthSeoul, Republic of Korea
1998For Life on Earth – Save Our SeasMoscow, Russian Federation
1999Our Earth – Our Future – Just Save It!Tokyo, Japan
2000The Environment Millennium – Time to ActAdelaide, Australia
2001Connect with the World Wide Web of LifeTorino, Italy and Havana, Cuba
2002Give Earth a ChanceShenzhen, People's Republic of China
2003Water – Two Billion People are Dying for It!Beirut, Lebanon
2004Wanted! Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive?Barcelona, Spain
2005Green Cities – Plan for the Planet!San Francisco, United States
2006Deserts and Desertification – Don't Desert Drylands!Algiers, Algeria
2007Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?London, England
2008Kick The Habit – Towards A Low Carbon EconomyWellington, New Zealand
2009Your Planet Needs You – Unite to Combat Climate ChangeMexico City, Mexico
2010Many Species. One Planet. One FutureRangpur, Bangladesh
2011Forests: Nature at your ServiceNew Delhi, India
2012Green Economy: Does it include you?Brasilia, Brazil
2013Think.Eat.Save. Reduce Your FoodprintUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
2014Raise your voice, not the sea levelBridgetown, Barbados
2015Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care.Rome, Italy
2016Zero Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife tradeLuanda, Angola
2017Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equatorOttawa, Canada
2018Beat Plastic PollutionNew Delhi, India

World Environment Day Anthem[edit]

An Earth Anthem penned by poet Abhay K is sung to celebrate World Environment Day.[28]

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the continents and the oceans of the world united we stand as flora and fauna united we stand as species of one earth black, brown, white, different colours . we are humans, the earth is our home.

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the people and the nations of the world all for one and one for all united we unfurl the blue marble flag black, brown, white, different colours we are humans, the earth is our home.[29]

It was launched in June 2013 on the occasion of the World Environment Day by Kapil Sibal and Shashi Tharoor, then Union Ministers of India, at a function organized by the Indian Council of Cultural Relations in New Delhi.[30] It is supported by the global organization Habitat For Humanity.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"World Environment Day - 5 June". www.un.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  2. ^[1]
  3. ^2017 Host country named as Canada, UNEP, 31 Jan 2017
  4. ^Hub, IISD's SDG Knowledge. "Event: World Environment Day 2016 | SDG Knowledge Hub | IISD". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  5. ^"Angola to Host World Environment Day in 2016". Angola Press Agency (Luanda). 2015-12-14. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  6. ^Programme, Climate Action. "Angola to host World Environment Day 2016". www.climateactionprogramme.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  7. ^Hub, IISD's SDG Knowledge. "Event: World Environment Day 2015 | SDG Knowledge Hub | IISD". Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  8. ^"Vote for your World Environment Day 2015 slogan | capacity4dev.eu". europa.eu. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  9. ^"World Environment Day 2015  :: Our Planet". web.unep.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  10. ^"PM plants "Kadamb" sapling on World Environment Day". www.narendramodi.in. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  11. ^"Why PM Modi planted 'Kadamb' sapling on World Environment Day?". Microfinance Monitor. 2015-06-05. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  12. ^"Italy hosts the official World Environment Day celebrations at Expo Milano". TreeHugger. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  13. ^"World Environment Day 2014 | Department of Environmental Affairs". www.environment.gov.za. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  14. ^Reporter, Staff (2014-06-05). "World Environment Day 2014: Theme, History, Host Country and Observances". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  15. ^"World Environment Day 2014". www.icimod.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  16. ^"Ian Somerhalder named Goodwill Ambassador for World Environment Day 2014". TreeHugger. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  17. ^ ab""Think.Eat.Save" World Environment Day 5 June". World Environment Day. United Nations Environment Programme. 5 June 2013. Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  18. ^ abTimes News Network (31 May 2012). "World Environment Day 2012: Let's pledge to make earth a better place". Times of India : Environment. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  19. ^World Environment Day – Raise Your Voice, Not the Sea Level
  20. ^World Environment Day 2010
  21. ^The New Emerald City – Pittsburgh Magazine – April 2010 – Pittsburgh, PA
  22. ^"WED That Was – 2009". Retrieved 2013-08-14. 
  23. ^UNEP Press Release, 1 October 2007, "Kick the Habit – World Environment Day 2008 to be Hosted by New Zealand with Focus on Fostering Low-Carbon Economies", accessed 10 November 2007
  24. ^world environment day 2008 host countries
  25. ^Norwegian Polar Institute, World Environment Day 2007–information in Englishand NorwegianArchived 1 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^World Environment Day 2005 Official Site, 2005, "About World Environment Day 2005", accessed 28 May 2009
  27. ^World Environment Day 5 June 2008 – UNEP, accessed 6 June 2008
  28. ^World Environment Day The Nation, Sri Lanka, 30 May 2015
  29. ^K, Abhay (27 April 2014). "Earth Anthem". Earth Anthem Website. 
  30. ^"Indian diplomat pens anthem for earth". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  31. ^Habitat for Humanity International gets people to sing Earth Anthem ANI, 30 Aug 2014

External links[edit]

World Environment Day in India
Activities for world environment day in Bhopal
World Environment Day 2011 in Donetsk, Ukraine
US Consul CG Yee, along with the Mayor of Thessaloniki Vassilis Papageorgopoulos, the Prefect of Thessaloniki Panagiotis Psomiadis, and many others participating in World Environment Day on the waterfront, Bike Path
Trees planting during the World Environment Day 2012 in Konso – Ethiopia.
Standard WED banners hung in San Francisco in May 2005.

"Envirotech" redirects here. For the Singapore-based company, see United Envirotech. For the California-based company, see Envirotech (company).

Environmental technology (envirotech), green technology (greentech) or clean technology (cleantech) is the application of one or more of environmental science, green chemistry, environmental monitoring and electronic devices to monitor, model and conserve the natural environment and resources, and to curb the negative impacts of human involvement. The term is also used to describe sustainable energy generation technologies such as photovoltaics, wind turbines, bioreactors, etc. Sustainable development is the core of environmental technologies. The term environmental technologies is also used to describe a class of electronic devices that can promote sustainable management of resources.

Examples[edit]

Main article: Recycling

Renewable energy[edit]

Renewable energy is the energy that can be replenished easily. For years we have been using sources such as wood, sun, water, etc. for means for producing energy. Energy that can be produced by natural objects like wood, sun, wind, etc. is considered to be renewable.

Water purification[edit]

Water purification: The whole idea/concept of having dirt/germ/pollution free water flowing throughout the environment. Many other phenomena lead from this concept of purification of water. Water pollution is the main enemy of this concept, and various campaigns and activists have been organized around the world to help purify water.[1]

Air purification[edit]

Air purification: Basic and common green plants can be grown indoors to keep air fresh because all plants remove CO2 and convert it into oxygen. The best examples are: Dypsis lutescens, Sansevieria trifasciata, and Epipremnum aureum.[2] It should also be noted that besides using the plants themselves, some species of bacteria can also be added to the leaves of these plants to help remove toxic gases, such as toluene[3][4][5]

Sewage treatment[edit]

Sewage treatment is conceptually similar to water purification. Sewage treatments are very important as they purify water per levels of its pollution. The most polluted water is not used for anything, and the least polluted water is supplied to places where water is used affluently. It may lead to various other concepts of environmental protection, sustainability etc.[6]

Environmental remediation[edit]

Environmental remediation is the removal of pollutants or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk methods.[7]

Solid waste management[edit]

Solid waste management is the purification, consumption, reuse, disposal and treatment of solid waste that is undertaken by the government or the ruling bodies of a city/town.[8]

eGain forecasting[edit]

Egain forecasting is a method using forecasting technology to predict the future weather's impact on a building.[9] By adjusting the heat based on the weather forecast, the system eliminates redundant use of heat, thus reducing the energy consumption and the emission of greenhouse gases.[10]

Energy conservation[edit]

Energy conservation is the utilization of devices that require smaller amounts of energy in order to reduce the consumption of electricity. Reducing the use of electricity causes less fossil fuels to be burned to provide that electricity.

Alternative and clean power[edit]

Principles:

Concerns over pollution and greenhouse gases have spurred the search for sustainable alternatives to our current fuel use. For example, biogas from anaerobic digestion of plant waste can be stored to produce heat or electricity. The global reduction of greenhouse gases requires the adoption of energy conservation as well as sustainable generation. That environmental harm reduction involves global changes such as:

  • reducing air pollution and methane from biomass
  • virtually eliminating fossil fuels for vehicles, heat and electricity, left in the ground.
  • wide spread use of public transport, battery and fuel cell vehicles
  • more wind/solar/water generated electricity
  • reducing peak demands with carbon taxes and time of use pricing.

Since fuel used by industry and transportation account for the majority of world demand, by investing in conservation and efficiency (using less fuel), pollution and greenhouse gases from these two sectors can be reduced around the globe. Advanced energy efficient electric motor (and electric generator) technology that are cost effective to encourage their application, such as variable speed generators and efficient energy use, can reduce the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) that would otherwise be introduced to the atmosphere, if electricity were generated using fossil fuels. Greasestock is an event held yearly in Yorktown Heights, New York which is one of the largest showcases of environmental technology in the United States.[11][12][13][14][15]

Education[edit]

Courses aimed at developing graduates with specific skills in environmental systems or environmental technology are becoming more common and fall into three broads classes:

  • Environmental Engineering or Environmental Systems courses oriented towards a civil engineering approach in which structures and the landscape are constructed to blend with or protect the environment;
  • Environmental chemistry, sustainable chemistry or environmental chemical engineering courses oriented towards understanding the effects (good and bad) of chemicals in the environment. Such awards can focus on mining processes, pollutants and commonly also cover biochemical processes;
  • Environmental technology courses oriented towards producing electronic, electrical or electrotechnology graduates capable of developing devices and artefacts able to monitor, measure, model and control environmental impact, including monitoring and managing energy generation from renewable sources, and developing novel energy generation technologies.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Recycling”. Retrieved June 15th, 2009. http://earth911.com/recycling/. “Recycle.gif”. Retrieved June 15th, 2009. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-23. Retrieved 2009-06-24.  “What is Water Purification”. Retrieved June 16th, 2009, http://www.bionewsonline.com/s/what_is_water_purification.htm[permanent dead link] “Sewage Treatment”. Retrieved June 17th, 2009 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2009-06-24.  “Environmental Remedies and water Resource
  2. ^Kamal Meattle on how to grow fresh airTED (conference)
  3. ^EOS magazine, February 2017; Azalea's with extra bacteria can help to degrade toluene
  4. ^Diesel fuel degrading bacteria
  5. ^Bacteria on Hedera helix able to help degrade exhaust gases from Diesel engines running on Diesel
  6. ^“Sewage Treatment”. Retrieved June 17th, 2009 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2009-06-24.  “Environmental remedies and water Resource
  7. ^Livescience. Retrieved June 27, 2009.10 top emerging environmental technologies. http://www.reference.md/files/D052/mD052918.html
  8. ^Retrieved June 16th, 2009. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-12. Retrieved 2009-06-24.  “Urban Waste Management”. Retrieved June 16th, 2009. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTURBANDEVELOPMENT/EXTUSWM[permanent dead link]
  9. ^Taesler, R. (1990/91) Climate and Building Energy Management. Energy and Buildings, Vol. 15-16, pp 599 - 608.
  10. ^United States Patent 6098893 Comfort control system incorporating weather forecast data and a method for operating such a system (Inventor Stefan Berglund)
  11. ^Norman, Jim. "Where There’s Never an Oil Shortage". New York Times. May 13, 2007.
  12. ^Tillman, Adriane. "Greasestock Festival returns, bigger and betterArchived 2008-05-18 at the Wayback Machine.". May 14, 2008.
  13. ^"Greasestock 2008". Greasestock. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
  14. ^Max, Josh. "Gas-guzzlers become veggie delights at Greasestock in Yorktown Heights". Daily News. May 13, 2008.
  15. ^"Greasestock 2008: Alternative Fuel, Fun and French FriesArchived 2008-05-29 at the Wayback Machine.". Natural Awakenings. May 2008.

Further reading[edit]

  • OECD Studies on Environmental Innovation Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies. OECD. September 2011. ISBN 978-92-64-11561-3. 

External links[edit]

The Tesla Roadster (2008) was the first all-electric sports car for sale and in serial production. It can completely recharge from the electrical grid in 4 to 48 hours depending on the outlet used.

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