1 Mausho

Narrative Essay Spm 2013

DIRECTED: FORMAL LETTER: Letter of Complaint

Raju a/l Lingam,
123 A, Lorong Bahagia,
Taman Sentosa,
07231 Bandar Baru Sentol,
Kelantan
_________________________________________________________________________

The President,
Bandar Baru Sentol Council,
Kompleks Utama,
07200 Bandar Baru Sentol                                                                             16 JUNE 2011

Dear Sir,

Uncollected Rubbish and Clogged Drains
I am writing this letter is to attract your attention to the above title. As the representative of the community, I am calling to tell you that the 300 odd residents living in Taman Sentosa are extremely unhappy about the lackadaisical attitude of the local town council towards the uncollected rubbish and clogged drains in our area.

2.         The rubbish in our area has not been collected for more than a week. The rubbish is supposed to be collected on alternate days but this has not been the case. The town council workers collect the rubbish according to their own whims and fancies. The uncollected garbage has attracted not only flies and mosquitoes but also wild dogs which had attacked the residents on several occasions. These stray animals also scatter the rubbish and make the roads dirty and smelly. As a result, residents have to bear the discomfort of stench from the garbage and risk their health.

3.         We are also disappointed with the town council workers for not clearing the clogged drains which are filled with rubbish. The drains would usually overflow when there is heavy rain and the rubbish would then flow into the compounds of our houses. Besides, putting up with the unbearable stench emitted from them, the residents have to spend hours cleaning their compounds of rotten vegetables, food leftovers and other rubbish.

4.         Due to dengue outbreak recently, we are really concerned about the residents’ health especially the children. Fogging service also was not done accordingly to the schedule. The fogging authority only did their job whenever a case of dengue aroused. They even fogging the neighbourhood late at night that caused us to leave the residents. They need to consider the residents who have babies and also to those who need to wake up early in the morning for work. The fogging also caused the people to have breathing problem when we were not told the exact time of fogging.

5.         We have made numerous appeals to the Municipal Council to look into our complaints but to no avail. We have been putting up with this predicament for more than a week. We hope the health authorities would do something to check these health hazards.

Thank you.

Yours faithfully,
Raju
(RAJU a/l MANIAM)

380 words

Source: SPM SAMPLE OF ESSAYS - DIRECTED WRITING @ English For All

WRITING FOR THE WEB 

(Bullet points and headings)

Have you ever noticed the difference in writing styles when comparing Web content with newspapers, magazines, or other print periodicals? Where more traditional media tends to use a style of writing which incorporates long paragraphs, well thought-out lines of reasoning, and fairly advanced vocabulary, Web writing is much more likely to be styled with short sentences and paragraphs, more basic vocabulary, and more spoon-fed reasoning.

Here are five basic tips to apply when creating and writing content for your fashion blog:

1. Make your blog stand out.

2. Establish a specific niche.

3. Be interactive in your blog.

4. Quality over quantity.

5. Build a blogging network with fellow fashion bloggers.

The five tips above do not offer a surefire formula to success.

But it will take you one step closer to become a recognized fashion blogger on the web.

Writing is a form of expression that is so old as time but still very in demand today.

It also became an art for some individuals that they become writers.

But for those who want to write and are not that skillful it can be difficult to know how to write effectively.

Know your purpose

Vary the structure of your sentences

Use of verbs versus adjectives



Follow these tips whenever you start writing. As you can see, your purpose for writing is the start. Once you have this done everything is much easier now.


Tips to Improve Your Writing - Want to become a better writer? In this video, I will share five easy and quick tips that will improve writing in formal and academic settings. If you're in college or university or plan to study overseas, this video is for you! Watch the lesson, then take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/5-tips-to-impro...

How to write a basic paragraph - A writing lesson for absolute beginners! Here are four very basic rules you must follow when writing simple paragraphs. Learn the basics -- capitals, indentation, line spacing, and more. Then take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-write-a-...

Writing Skills: The Paragraph - The paragraph is the most important unit of a well-written essay. The paragraph has a specific structure and standards that make it effective and enjoyable to read. In this writing lesson we will look at how to construct good paragraphs and improve writing with better flow and clarity. After the lesson, take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/writing-skills-...

How to write a good essay - How to write an essay- brief essays and use the principles to expand to longer essays/ even a thesis. You might also wish to check the video on Interview technique (now on this channel too!)

Present Perfect or Past Perfect? - "I have eaten." "I had eaten." What's the difference, and when do use each form? In this important grammar lesson, learn how to distinguish between past perfect and present perfect. You'll learn the correct form of each tense, and when each should be used. Then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/present-perfect... 

Read and Practice More...
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 
ENGLISH PAPER 1 (SECTION A AND SECTION B)
SUGGESTED ANSWERS



SPM - DIRECTED WRITING

Analysis of English Language Paper 1 (2002 – 2013)

2002: Speech

Audience: Student

Purpose of Writing: To inform students about road safety-causes of road accidents and suggestions to reduce them

2003: Formal Letter

Audience: Class teacher

Purpose of Writing: To inform the class teacher about the choice of class trip.

2004: Report Letter

Audience: The school principal

Purpose of Writing: To inform the school principal about several matters in your school which could be improved.

2005: Informal Letter

Audience: Your friend

Purpose of Writing: To inform a friend about your experience at a three-day outdoor activity camp.

2006: Informal Letter

Audience: Your friend

Purpose of Writing: To convince a friend why he/she should run for the post of head prefect.

2007: Talk

Audience: Students

Purpose of Writing: To give a talk to students about a science reference book that is useful for secondary students

2008: Article

Audience: Students

Purpose of Writing: To inform about a friend who has been chosen as the Best Group Leader during a leadership camp.

2009: Report

Audience: The school principal

Purpose of Writing: To inform the school principal about the reasons for students’ lack of interest in sports and to provide suggestions to overcome the problems.

2010: Informal Letter

Audience: Your cousin

Purpose of Writing: To tell him/her about the benefits of National Service Programme and to encourage him/her to take part.

2011: Talk

Audience: Red Crescent Society Members

Purpose of Writing: To give a talk to the Red Crescent Society members in your school to upgrade their skills in giving first-aid treatment.

ESSAY WRITING TIPS FOR SUCCESS

There are no shortcuts to writing good essays.

Answer the question

Do not try to memorise an essay and use it as an answer.

Be original

Try not to use the usual boring plot that you have read before. I always tell my students to relate real life experiences or write it from the heart.

Don't thesaurize your composition

Some students like to use bombastic words all over their essays.

It can make the essay very awkward if the vocabulary used is inap propriate.

Spend some time on your introduction

Plan your introduction carefully so that it grabs the attention of the reader. Stay away from the "Everyone in this world." introduction.

Body paragraphs must relate to your introduction
Make sure that your introduction leads to the paragraphs and all your paragraphs are cohesive. Plan for only one main idea for each paragraph.


SPM (PAPER 1)
SECTION A - DIRECTED WRITING
SECTION B - CONTINUOUS WRITING
TIME: Time: 1 hour and 45 minutes


Paper 1/Section A

Directed Writing

Introduction

The Directed Writing section is asked in Section A of Paper I.

This section tests the student’s writing using a definite style of writing.

Brief points are given and students must make use of the points and elaborate on them.

Students must write the composition using the required format.

It can be a descriptive composition, a report, an article, a letter or a speech.

It carries 35 marks and the answer is marked on content and language.

Your composition should be about 200-250 words and must show a certain standard of language mastery and suitable vocabulary.

Only one question is asked.

There is no choice of questions.

Topics:

Letter

Informal letter

-letter to a family member

-letter to a friend

Formal letter

-letter of enquiry

-letter of job application

-letter of complaint

-letter to the Editor of a newspaper

Article

-article for a magazine

-article for a class or school newsletter

Speech

-speech to fellow students

-speech by invited speakers

Report

-police report

-society report

-school report to the Principal

-news report

-book report/review

Description

-description of a process

-description of a place

-description of a scene

-description of a person

Guidelines and Strategy

Read the question carefully and underline the important points to use.

Study the given points very carefully. Rearrange them logically or chronologically or thematically.

Expand on the given points to give more details.

You should add your own points.

Make sure you know what format to use for your composition.

The format can be that of a letter, a report, a speech or an article.

Write your answer in paragraphs.

As half of the marks are awarded for language, write grammatically correct sentences.

Write in well-connected paragraphs.

Use interesting and vivid expressions in your answer.

Paper 1/Section B

Continuous Writing

Introduction

The continuous writing question is asked in Section B of SPM English Paper I.

This section is a test of the students’ writing ability and fluency of language.

It carries a total of SO marks and the answer is marked based on organisation, content and language.

The aim of this essay question is to test student’s ability to produce a piece of continuous writing that is creative and relevant to the title chosen.

The options asked are:

 Narrative topic

-Short story

-Personal narration of an experience or incident

Descriptive topic

-Person

-Place

-Event

-Scene

Expository topic

-Health issue

-Environmental issue

-Social issue

Argumentative topic

Open topic

Requirements

This is perhaps the most difficult writing question.

You have a choice of five titles.

You have to choose one title to write on.

You have to write a certain number of words.

The length is about 350 words.

You have to organise your points and write in paragraphs.

Your essay must show an acceptable standard of English.

It must show language fluency and grammar mastery.

It must use suitable vocabulary and expressions.

A total mark of 50 is awarded for the organisation, language and content of the essay.

How are marks awarded?

A good essay is awarded high marks. High marks are given for:

-originality in content

-relevance to the question

-interesting presentation including good introduction and conclusion

-grammar accuracy and good language use

-varied sentence structure

-well-organised paragraphs

-wide and correct vocabulary used

-correct spelling and punctuation

A poor essay is awarded low marks. Low marks are given for:

-not an original essay which is taken from elsewhere

-irrelevant to the question

-boring presentation

-wrong grammar and language use

-monotonous and too short sentences

-poorly-organised paragraphs

-limited and wrong vocabulary used

-incorrect spelling and punctuation

Guidelines & Strategy

Read the five given options carefully.

Make sure that the option you choose is one you know well.

Study the question carefully and jot down the points.

Then, arrange your points innaragraphs.

Organise your paragraphs into the introduction, body and conclusion.

Write an impressive introduction.

For body, write five or six paragraphs.

Finally, write a good clear conclusion.

The outline of your essay can be like this:

Introduction - one paragraph

Body of essay

Paragraph 1

Paragraph 2

Paragraph 3

Conclusion - one paragraph

Using Time Wisely under Exam Conditions

You have to write a complete composition in one hour.

Spend at least 5-10 minutes on planning. A well-organised plan provides the general control of your essay and determines the quality.

Then spend 45-50 minutes writing your essay proper. It might seem inadequate but if you write one line per minute with eight words a line, you will be writing 360-400 words. This is a good length for your essay. You can write up to 550 words if you have the time, language fluency and grammar mastery to do so.

Spend the last 5 minutes editing and proofreading your essay. During this time, you check grammar, spelling and punctuation. Correct your mistakes if any.

Finally, your essay must have an arresting conclusion, a well-organised body expressed in well-linked paragraphs and an impressive conclusion.

SPM - Analysis of  The English language Paper 1 (2002-2013)

(Article/Formal Letter/Report/Informal Letter/Speech or talk)

Year/Topic

Audience

Purpose of Writing

2002/Speech

Student

To inform students about road safety-causes of road accidents and suggestions to reduce them.

2003/Formal Letter

Class teacher

To inform the class teacher about the choice of class trip.

2004/Report

The school principal

To inform the school principal about several matters in your school which could be improved.

SPM 2005 / Paper 1 (Section A and Section B)

Section A: Directed writing (Letter)

Your friend: To inform a friend about your experience at a three-day outdoor activity camp.

Section B: Continues writing

Descriptive - Describe the biggest challenge in your life.

Narrative - Write a story with the title: An Unexpected Visitor

Expository - How to keep oneself healthy.

Imaginative - If you were given a chance to be anybody, who would you want to be and why?

Open topic - Music

SPM 2006 / Paper 1 (Section A and Section B)

Section A: Directed writing (Informal Letter)

Your friend: To convince a friend why he/she should run for the post of head prefect.

Section B: Continues writing

Descriptive - Describe an enjoyable weekend you have experienced.

Narrative - Write a story ending with: “If only I had been more careful, that wouldn’t have happened

Imaginative - What changes would you like to see in your life in the next ten years?

Expository - How can television help students in their studies?

Open topic - Food

SPM 2007 / Paper 1 (Section A and Section B)

Section A: Directed writing (Talk)

Students: To give a talk to students about a science reference book that is useful for secondary students.

Section B: Continues writing

Descriptive - Describe an embarrassing experience in your life.

Argumentative - 'Teenagers today are only interested in entertainment.’Do you agree? Support your opinion.

Expository - My early years

Narrative - Write a story beginning with: Kim was nervous when the door opened ...

Open topic - Tomorrow

SPM 2008 / Paper 1 (Section A and Section B)

Section A: Directed writing (Article - for school magazine)

Students: To inform about a friend who has been chosen as the Best Group Leader during a leadership camp.

Section B: Continues writing

Descriptive - Write about a person who has worked hard to succeed in life.

Argumentative - Examinations - good or bad?

Imaginative - My perfect future husband or wife

Narrative - Write a story ending with: “... Now I realise the value of a true friend."

Open topic - Stars

SPM 2009 / Paper 1 (Section A and Section B)

Section A: Directed writing (Report)

The school principal: To inform the school principal about the reasons for students’ lack of interest in sports and to provide suggestions to overcome the problems.

Section B: Continues writing

Descriptive - Describe an unforgettable incident that you saw on your way home from school.

Argumentative - School children should not have long holidays. Do you agree?

Expository - My favourite day of the week.

Narrative - Write a story ending with: "... We said goodbyes and went our separate ways.”

Open topic - Beauty

SPM 2010 / Paper 1 (Section A and Section B)

Section A: Directed writing (Informal Letter)

Your cousin: To tell him/her about the benefits of National Service Programme and to encourage him/her to take part.

Section B : Continues writing

Descriptive - Describe the most popular student in your school.

Argumentative - “The Internet is mostly a good thing.” Do you agree? Support your opinion.

Expository - What can we do to save the environment?

Narrative - Write a story beginning with: “It had been raining all day ...”

Open topic – Home

SPM 2011 / Paper 1 (Section A and Section B)

Section A: Directed writing (Talk)

Red Crescent Society Members: To give a talk to the Red Crescent Society members in your school to upgrade their skills in giving first-aid treatment.

Section B : Continues writing

Descriptive - A famous person you admire.

Argumentative - Should school students have part-time jobs? Discuss.

Expository - The best things in life are free.

Narrative - Write a story that ends with: “... They looked at each other and smiled meaningfully.

Open topic - Peace

SPM 2012 / Paper 1 (Section A and Section B)

Section A: Directed writing (Informal Letter)

Your younger sister: To advise your sister who is studying overseas on how to spend her money wisely.

Section B: Continues writing

Descriptive - Describe an outing with your friends.

Argumentative - Should parents give children more freedom?

Expository - Saving money for the future.

Narrative - Write a story beginning with: “The teacher walked into the classroom. It was the first period...”

Open topic - Cleanliness

2013 / Formal Letter

A letter of complaint to the Town Council

You have just returned from a visit to Indah Recreational Park.

You found the park in poor condition.

 Write a letter of complaint to the Town Council.

A Report to the Principal

This kind of report is a formal account of an incident which happened in school.

The purpose is for the principal to carry out an investigation and take action.

Thus, the report is addressed to the school principal.

Past Year Questions - SPM 2004 and 2009 - A Report to the Principal.

Step 1: The first step is as follows - the opening format.

Step 2: Address the receiver, write down the name of principal and the school as well.

Step 3: Next line, write down the name of the sender.

Step 4: Next two lines, the subject and date of the report.

To:     

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