What Are Bibliography Note Cards
Presentation on theme: "A Guide to Preparing Note Cards and Bibliography Cards"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Guide to Preparing Note Cards and Bibliography Cards
MLA FORMATA Guide to Preparing Note Cards and Bibliography Cards
2 Sample Note Card Problems with Native Americans
Southerners and frontier people felt threatened by the Native Americans because they knew that Great Britain was the ally of the Native Americans and was giving them aid. 15Titles: keep cards with similar titles together1Source numberPage referenceNotes
3 HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR A BOOK
with one authorLast Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of publication: Name of publisher, year of publication.Christianson, Lori. The Joy of Research Papers. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2008.
4 HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR A BOOK
with two authorsLast Name, First Name and First Name Last Name. Title of Book. City of publication: Name of publisher, year of publication.Christianson, Lori and Ray Road. The Secret Lives of Sixth-Grade Students. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2008.
5 with three or more authors
HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR A BOOKwith three or more authorsLast name, First Name et al. Title of Book. City of publication: Name of publisher, year of publication.Christianson, Lori et.al. Ten Short Stories about Middle School. New York: Penguin Books, 2008.
6 HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR AN ENCYCLOPEDIA
“Title of Article.” Name of Encyclopedia. Edition. Year of publication.“Verbs.” World Book Encyclopedia. 14th ed
7 HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR AN NEWSPAPER ARTICLE
Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Newspaper. Date: Page(s).Christianson, Lori. “Students Plead for Harder Exams.” Arizona Republic. 16 Jan. 2008: A-9.
8 HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR A MAGAZINE ARTICLE
Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Magazine. Date: Page Number(s).Christianson, Lori. “How to Write Great Essays.” English Teacher Weekly. 20 Nov. 2003:
9 HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR CITING WEBSITES
Name of Site. Date of site’s last revision. Name of institution or organization affiliated with the site. Date you accessed the site. <URL>.A Student’s Guide to Research Papers. 12 Aug English Teachers of America. 18 Oct <http://www.eta.com/research/14 3.htm.>
10 HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR CITING WEBSITES FROM THE INTERNET
Last name, First name. “Title of the Article.” Name of Magazine. Date of original publication: page numbers. Date accessed online. <URL>.Christianson, Lori. “How to Write Great Essays.” English Teacher Weekly. 20 Nov. 2003: Mar <http://www.englishteacher.com/ article93.htm>.
11 HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR PAGE ON WEBSITE WITH NO AUTHOR
“Name of Page.” Name of site. Date of site’s last revision. Name of institution or organization affiliated with the site. Date you accessed the site. <URL>.“Synonyms for Said.” Mrs. Christianson’s Language Arts Page. 22 Jan Jan <www.mrschristianson.com/saids ynonyms.pdf>
12 HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR AN ARTICLE FROM AN ONLINE DATA BASE
Christianson, Lori. “We Need More Vacation.” Mental Health Monthly. May 2002: 45 – 48. Academic Search Premier. EBSCOhost. University of Phoenix. 15 Apr <http://search.epnet.com/>.
- Taking notes is a key part of the research process because it helps you learn, and allows you to see your information in a useful visual way.
Once you’ve gotten a group of high-class sources, the next thing to do is go through them in detail. When reading through your sources, it’s important to be taking notes. Not only does the note-taking process help you learn the information, the notes themselves are an important visual aid in your paper-writing process.
There are as many ways to take notes as there are people. Everyone has a slightly different method. Some prefer to type notes on a computer, some choose to use notecards, and others like a good ‘ol pen and paper. The specific tool you use to take your notes isn’t as important as the notes themselves. Choose the method that’s the most comfortable for you.
Here are the things that all good notes systems will allow you to have:
- Information about the source so you can find it again – You’ll want to write down the author, title, date published, publisher, and URL (if it’s a website).
- A way to group notes – You’ll want to be able to organize your notes in a visual way so you can arrange them in an order that makes sense.
- Spaces for you to write down quotes (direct text straight from the source), comments (your thoughts and questions), and paraphrasing (information from the text in your own words).
When taking notes, here are some things to keep in mind:
- Skim your entire source before you read it in detail. Skimming will help you understand how the document is laid out and what the main ideas are.
- Search for the subject headings in the material you’re reading and write them in your notes. They’ll help you find relevant information faster, and they’ll provide you with reference points when you review your notes later.
- Write down every fact or note that may be of use to you in your paper. Don’t write down things you already know or would never include in your finished work.
- Break down the text into small groups of paragraphs. Read each group one-by-one, taking notes between groups. Breaking up the text into smaller, bite-sized pieces will help you process the information.
- Don’t write down information from the text word-for-word. This takes too much time and prevents you from using your higher brain functions to filter out and process important information.
- If a source is too dense or has too many dates, don’t feel like you need to write every bit of information down. Make a note of where the dense parts are and move on.
In the following sections, we’ll cover some specific note-taking tools. Remember to choose the one that matches your style the best.
1) Using notecards
- Using notecards is a great way to arrange research information visually.
- Have a “bibliography card” for each source.
- Have notecards for every major idea that the source discusses.
Within the method of using notecards, there are many different formats to take notes. Again, the keys are to have a system that 1. works for you, and 2. includes all of the information you need.
Here’s a note-taking system that we like:
- Create a bibliography notecard for each source you use. It will serve as the “title notecard” for each stack of notecards dedicated to a particular source. On the bibliography notecard, you’ll want to include every piece of information you’ll need to cite your source. Here’s an example of a great title notecard for a book:
- Using the general principles of note-taking outlined in the earlier section, write note cards (one for each main idea) with bullet points. Here’s an example:
2) The Cornell note-taking method
- The Cornell note-taking method is a great way to manage notes for a lecture or any type of source.
- The Cornell system helps you commit information to memory.
The Cornell note-taking method can be applied to taking notes for research. The method helps you retain information.
The Cornell system is done on regular notebook paper that’s divided up into four sections:
Here’s an example of a notebook page:
3) Other note-taking tools
- There are a variety of electronic note-taking tools out there.
- If you like taking notes electronically, check out some of these tools.
|Evernote||Multi-platform (computer, mobile, and web) note taker for to-do lists, image archiving, and more.|
|Springpad||Multi-platform note taker for the busy person to edit, tag, and view notes.|
|Microsoft OneNote||Software with ability to create organized to-do lists, tag notes, bring in images; works well with Windows|
|Springnote||Cloud tool where you can generate text documents and share them with people.|