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Essay On World War 1 Propaganda

Propaganda During Ww1 Essays

2890 WordsOct 20th, 201212 Pages

How Propaganda Swayed the Public Opinion During World War I
Rachel Corona
World War 1 proved America to be the nation producing the highest amount of propaganda. Through his use of propaganda President Wilson was able to draw American Support for the war. Despite his being elected as the “peace” president. Many Americans believed he’d keep them out of the war, especially after he stated that, “so far as I can remember, this is a government of the people, and this people is not going to choose war.” Before his election, Wilson promoted American neutrality. He pushed for what he believed his Americans wanted. However, through his employment of propaganda, Woodrow Wilson was able…show more content…

Before his election, Wilson promoted American neutrality. He endorsed what he believed his Americans wanted, for this would get him elected into office. However, after his election, Wilson had a change of heart. A few events, such as the German sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman telegram swayed President Wilson’s stance on the war. He started a movement toward war. A large variety of pro-war propaganda was produced and American troops were sent to Europe to fight. Through his employment of propaganda, President Wilson was able to: 1. Convince the American people to join the ranks, 2. Persuade Americans into accepting rations for food, 3. Involve women in the war effort, and 4. Sway Americans into buying government bonds (liberty bonds) to fund the war. We will discuss four main propaganda posters, which depict these four main themes of President Wilson’s push for war. In the end, President Wilson’s use of propaganda was ironically able to change the popular American opinion and convince them to support World War I. Convincing Americans to Join the Ranks: In order to support the war effort, President Wilson needed to ensure he had an adequate amount of troops available. This involved enlisting large quantities of men and training them to march, to shoot, and to be in the military. From there, men would be deployed

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During World War I, posters beckoned civilians to join the armed forces and beseeched state-side warriors to conserve wheat and sugar, all in the name of helping the troops. Below is a sample of some of those posters.

Use of tanks in World War I was relatively new. The Tanks Corps of the U.S. Armed Forces at first used French and British-made armored vehicles:

Celebrating the nation’s 142nd birthday was a bayonet-bearing Uncle Sam:

A poster depicts the bloody hand of a “Hun” or German soldier:

A more pointed message on the same theme:

Liberty bonds helped fund the war effort:

A poster encourages support of women in France by conserving wheat:

A more foreboding poster touts the same call for conservation:

Swearing off sugar in the name of the war effort also was a trend:

The “donut lassies” of the Salvation Army cooked the confection for American soldiers, or “doughboys,” on the front lines — explaining where all the sugar went:

A poster for the U.S. Marines features a woman in uniform. Women served as secretaries, messengers, newsletter writers and recruiters filling in for male office personnel who were reassigned to the front:

A Navy recruitment poster takes a different tack:

The National Guard got in on the recruiting action:

Private companies appealed to people’s patriotism to recruit workers as well:

The war spurred the use of trucks as a means for transporting cargo to supplement busy railroads:

Posters encouraged soldier to stick it out until the end:

All images of World War I posters are courtesy of the National Archives.

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