Essay About Village And City
VILLAGE LIFE VS CITY LIFE
Life in Villages
A village is a collection of small huts in the midst of fields on which the village farmers work. Some villages are big while others are comparatively smaller. They are generally cut off from the cities and have a different kind of life. The villagers live in the midst of natural surroundings. In a village, as we rise early in the morning, we can listen to the sweet songs of birds; enjoy the beauty of the rising sun and the sweet breeze of day’s dawn, the flowing of the river with a murmuring sound, the beauty of the greenery of fields. These are the various pleasures that abound in the countryside.
The villagers pass a healthy and peaceful life. There is no smoke and noise of the city factories. They breathe fresh air which promotes their health. They also get pure milk, milk products and other fresh eatables. There is no hustle and bustle and no worry as in the modern city life. The villagers, therefore, are happy and healthy. They lead a simple life and their desires are few. They are satisfied with what they have and they usually never dream of those luxuries and comforts provided by modern science. This makes their life even happier.
Village life is plain and simple. Villagers are content with the necessities of life. They have no liking for luxury. They manage with a few pieces of clothes. They prefer the plain food. They discharge their social duties in the simplest manner possible.
Life full ofdifficulties: Such is a typical day in the life in an Indian village. The life of an Indian farmer is full of difficulties too. In spite of his hard labour, he lives a life of extreme poverty. ‘He is born in debt, lives in debt and dies in debt.’ His crops are at the mercy of rains. Famines or floods often take away the fruits of his hard labour. Still he is contended and god fearing. When he falls ill, he finds that there are no medical facilities (but there is an exponentially rise in medical facilities at Indian villages nowadays and more work has been going on) for his treatment. Often he dies untreated and uncared and there are also only a few schools for the education of his children. Though the ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’ (Education for All Mission) is doing very well, but still it will take some time to cover all the rural regions of India. The mud huts in which he lives are very vulnerable to natural disasters and they often fall down during rain and his humble belongings are all ruined.
The Brighter Side: But the above mentioned is only one side of the picture. The life in an Indian village has a brighter side also. The inhabitants of a village enjoy fresh pollution free air and sunshine, which are the two great blessings of god. Village people get more wholesome food than those who live in cities. Moreover, the villagers are sympathetic and extend greater cooperation to each other in times of distress. Such fellow feeling and brotherhood are not heard of in the city, where even the next door neighbours do not know each other. They are far away from the stress and tensions of the thoughts of being richer, famous and popular. They just live their routine life in a happy manner despite their hardships. This makes their life full with positive energy.
Life in Cities
Though India is mainly a land of villages, there are many cities as well in the country. Some of the cities like Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkata are very big. They have a population of several millions. Life in these big cities is quite different from the life in a village. Let us consider here, in brief, the life in a big city and point out some of its important advantages and disadvantages.
In big cities we find good arrangements for education. Big colleges and even universities are found here. Even a person of ordinary means can give his sons and daughters the highest education according to his financial capacity. There are also a very large number of schools both for boys and girls in every city. They also provide well-equipped libraries and reading rooms for public use. Such arrangements do not exist in small towns and villages.
Cities also provide ample medical facilities. In every city, there are good hospitals in which the poor get free treatment and medicines. Many well-qualified private doctors are also there to serve the sick and the suffering. Lack of such medical arrangement is a drawback of villages.
Besides this, cities also provide many line opportunities for amusement and recreation. In every city there are a number of cinema houses and theaters, where we can enjoy the best pictures and dramatic performance. There are also a number of restaurants and hotels where we can get food, tea, etc. of the finest quality. There are also many parks and gardens where we can enjoy natural beauty at its best. The markets of the city, especially when brilliantly lighted at night, are better than many exhibitions and fairs.
The most important advantages of cities are the availability of avenues of employment. They are centres of trade and commerce. There are big offices as well as large number of factories and mills. Persons with every kind of qualification can easily find jobs to suit them. No such opportunities exist in villages where the people depend mostly on agriculture.
There are many other advantages of city life. City people are more cultured and refined. There we find opportunities to mix with people from every corner of the country as also from foreign countries. We meet people who have different nature, different ideas, and different ways of living and thinking. In this way, our outlook is broadened and our views enlarged.
Cities have many disadvantages also. The remark of the English poet Cowper “God made the country and man made the town” is quite true. In the city, we cannot enjoy the beauties of nature as we can do in villages. City life is artificial. Man lives cut off from nature. He cannot appreciate the charms of birds and flowers, or the beauty of the day-dawn and the sunset as in villages.
City life is extremely unhealthy. Air pollution, water pollution and sound pollution have converted the city life into hell. The smoke coming out of a number of factories makes the atmosphere dirty. The sky is always covered with black clouds. The people get no opportunity to breathe free and pure air, or to enjoy clear sunshine. Besides this, food in the cities is dirty and adulterated. We cannot get pure milk and ghee. The food sold in the market is entirely unwholesome and unfit for consumption. The villages suffer from no such drawbacks.
In spite of the various drawbacks, the life in a village is a better life than that of the city. The government has already taken in hand various measures to improve the conditions of the villages. “Jawahar Rozgar Yojana” and “Panchayat Raj” are two of the important steps taken in this direction. It is said that country life is sweet. It is true no doubt. The greatest of the poets have sung the praise of it. Prophets, too, have the greatest admiration for the village life. Great thinkers and philosophers have spent their invaluable lives in the countryside. Hence, village life is highly cherished in all ages by every soulful man.
Even decades after independence, India is replete with inequality so much so that it is often said there are the two countries, one that is Bharat and the other, India. It speaks of the two different realities that prevail in rural and urban parts of the country. But, it is essential that the residents of both rural and urban areas live in harmony with each other.
According to the National Survey Organisation, the average monthly per capita expenditure in a rural area of the country was Rs 1054, while in urban areas it was Rs 1984 in 2009-10, that means the per capita expenditure of urban dwellers was more than 88% as compared to those living in the villages. This is not the only difference in the lives of villagers and city dwellers. Here we are providing essays on village life vs. city life in a very simple and easy to understand language for students so that they can select any of them as per their needs.
Essays on City Life Vs Village Life
Essay on City Life Vs Village Life 1 (100 words)
India is said to be a land of villages. Sixty-seven percent of the country’s population still lives in villages. To people who live in villages, life in urban areas is full of difficulties. What they do not like is vehicular pollution, crowd, constant noise, and smoke rampant in cities, which make them feel uneasy.
But those raised in cities love the hectic pace of life. They love to chase their dreams of money, power and social status. Each day brings to them new problems and complications for which they struggle to adjust to survive the rat-race of life.
Definitely, there is a great difference in the lifestyle of people living in villages and cities. The need is to balance both kinds of lifestyles by incorporating good aspects from each other.
Essay on City Life Vs Village Life 2 (150 words)
Facilities and opportunities to move forward are greater in urban life than what we find in rural existence but there is an acute problem of pollution, noise, lack of adequate water supply, traffic jam, overcrowding and crime in cities. Similarly, though there is a lack of modern facilities in rural areas, but the clean air and peace are beneficial for the health of the people living there.
Villages hold a mirror to Indian culture and heritage. India’s centuries-long traditions still exist there. You can enjoy sunshine, greenery and tranquillity, and the people here are found to be very warm and friendly.
On the other hand, urban life is filled with tough challenges. Mostly, the people living in cities can avail latest amenities and cutting-edge facilities. They are always pre-occupied and busy with one thing or the other all the time. Sadly, they do not have time to even meet their neighbours, friends and relatives. Thus, there are advantages as well as drawbacks to live in both rural and urban areas.
Essay on Village Life Vs City Life 3 (200 words)
India is largely an agriculture-based country. Farmers are the backbone of rural economy. They work very hard in agricultural fields where they grow grains and vegetables. They conserve water in ponds and canals to irrigate crops. The life of farmers is close to nature, away from the hustle and bustle of cities. There is peace and tranquillity everywhere, except for conflicts over land and caste prejudices and the prevailing taboos and superstitions.
On the other hand, people in cities are always racing against time. There is always great pressure to perform leading to stress and other health problems related to the hectic lifestyle of urban life. The urban dwellers have little time for friends, neighbours, relatives, or even their own family members. As the cost of living in cities is constantly going up, the chase of money becomes an inevitable part of life in cities. Yet despite accumulating wealth, peace still eludes the urban habitants.
But life in villages has its own problems. There are frequent clashes related to ownership of land and caste. Many villages do not even have basic facilities of education, employment, healthcare, transport and electricity. Ultimately, there is need for restoring true balance and purpose in your life, whether you are living in a village or a city.
Essay on Village Life Vs City Life 4 (250 words)
Rural life is quite peaceful as people here do not lead a hectic lifestyle. They wake up early in the morning and fall asleep timely at night. Here the air is not polluted, as is the case with cities. There is also less pollution and crowd. Villagers are accustomed to easy-going life in villages as opposed to the hectic life in cities that leads to great amount of stress for them.
But villages mostly lack basic facilities such as electricity, schools, nursing homes and factories to employ people. Villagers have to walk on foot for several miles, if they do not have their own transport. Villages only provide seasonal employment and mostly people there are not gainfully employed. All these factors lead to large-scale migration of people from rural to urban areas in search of good education, employment and comforts of life.
But life in cities has its own negative side – it’s full of pressure, stress and anxiety. People here have several material comforts and amenities but no mental peace. They are always busy in executing various tasks related to their personal and professional life so much so that they sometimes they do not even know their next-door neighbour. The pressure to constantly perform takes a heavy toll on their health and they become prone to various ailments or lifestyle diseases even at a young age. Some of them even spend sleepless nights and their mental equilibrium takes a beating. So, life in rural and urban areas is poles apart but both are integral to the development of India.
Essay on Village Life Vs City Life 5 (300 words)
More than half of India’s population lives in villages. Gandhi had said “the real India lives in villages”. Rustic simplicity and natural beauty is emblematic of Indian culture and heritage.
Lives of most of the people in villages mostly depend on agriculture. Some people earn their living from animal husbandry and agro-based cottage industries. Most of the villagers are farmers. They are hardworking, unassuming and generous. When farmers plough their fields in the morning sun, the chirping of birds that accompanies the movement of the oxen seems to hum a melody of hard work. Farmers are innocent by nature unlike some of their urban counterparts who lose their inner goodness in the cut-throat world of materialism in cities.
Life in urban India is marked by wide-ranging disparity. There are residents who have unlimited means of enjoyment but some people are so poor that they have to live in slums. Economic inequality, pollution and garbage are the bane of urban existence. People also have to face lack of adequate water supply. Yet people want to live in cities because they get facilities for good education, healthcare, transport and so many modes of comforts and entertainment. There are also good opportunities for employment in cities unlike villages where very few people are gainfully employed.
City life is a boon in many ways, but on the other hand it is also a curse. Every year the population of cities is growing by leaps and bounds, increasing pressure on their infrastructure and reducing life to a dehumanised rat race.
Thus, life in villages and in cities presents two contrasting pictures. There are positive as well as negative aspects to the both and it is up to the individuals to make the most of it irrespective of the rural or urban setting that one lives in.
Essay on Village Life Vs City Life 6 (400 words)
Life in both rural and urban areas has its own plus points and problems. One is quite different from each other. Traditionally, India is a predominantly rural country as Mahatma Gandhi had said, “The real India lives in villages”.
There is a splash of festivals and fairs in villages. Here festivals are celebrated with a sense of brotherhood in a traditional way. The whole village dances to folk tunes at the time of festival whether it is Holi, Baisakhi, Pongal, Onam, Dussehra, Diwali, or Eid. All the people in the village live in bonds of fraternity. They share mutual happiness as well as sorrow with each other as per the circumstances of life. Though their lifestyle is not as advanced as what you see in the cities, rural people are warmer, and more cordial. They are more considerate and know each other in the village. They do not live in a state of isolation as is the case with metropolitan cities.
The natural beauty of the villages in India is simply eye-catching. The lush green fields capped around by flowers and spread an intoxicating fragrance. Birds chirp around merrily in fields, barns and village homes. Simplicity is the hallmark of life in villages.
Unfortunately, the search for jobs and the glare of material comforts and facilities is leading to large-scale migration of people from rural to urban areas. Though, now villages in the country are now also advancing in terms of standard of living. Urbanisation is taking place at a fast pace; electricity, piped water, concrete roads, telephone/mobile phone, computers, education and medical care are accessible facilities in many parts of rural India these days. Farmers are now using modern agricultural implements, and in place of oxen, they are ploughing the fields with tractors.
But life is not without troubles in villages too. There are frequent disputes over land and same-gotra love marriages, which all result in bloodshed and violence. The village panchayats when deliberating on disputes pronounce very harsh and uncalled-for judgements which make people’s life a tale of misery and pain.
Villagers depend on the sale of their agricultural produce on urban markets and city dwellers cannot survive without the supply of essential commodities such as grain, fruits and vegetables from rural regions. People from villages daily commute to cities to buy latest articles of modern life, watch movies, relax and enjoy themselves or do jobs in urban establishment. In fact, development of India is unthinkable without the harmonious development of villages and cities. Both of them complement each other.