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Essays Comparing Two Different Music Genres

Compare and contrast the music of the Medieval, Rennaissance, and Baroque periods

565 Words3 Pages

Music throughout the ages has changed dramatically. Starting in the Medieval period, from 400-1475, music was in the form of what is called the Gregorian chant. Instruments were very rarely used at this time. Since songs during this period were either troubadour or trouvere these chants had no real harmony. One example of this type of medieval composition is “Viderunt Omnes” by Leoninus. Like most Gregorian chants the texture of this piece is monophonic and polyphonic. “Viderunt Omnes” is a typical Gregorian chant in that it uses diatonic, not chromatic notes of the scale. Musical compositions during the Medieval period was made mostly by members of the church for the church. It was and is a very slow and steady movement that was meant to…show more content…

After the Renaissance period came the Baroque period from 1600-1750. The Baroque period was broken up into two periods called the Early Baroque period from 1600-1710 and the Late Baroque period from 1710-1750. During the Early Baroque period music from composers such as Vivaldi and Monteverdi emerged and became popular. Music became more light and airy. Instruments were used more often than not than vocals. Melodies on larger scales with more daring leaps came about. An example during this period would be “The Spring” by Antonio Vivaldi. Just like its name sounds, it is a light piece that gives the warm feelings that a person might feel during the spring. Harmony becomes more apparent during this period as diatonic chords are played by a continuous bass line to help create melody. Texture becomes more rich with the bass as a support for the melody line and form becomes more apparent as the process of ritornello emerges during this period. The Late Baroque period can be marked by the great Bach. His concerto “Organ Fugue in G Minor”, written in 1710 is one of the most famous pieces to come out of this period. It is performed as the title states, on the organ. The melodies of this time became more expansive. They changed often, giving the concertos more texture and feeling. The rhythm continued to pick up speed and lent the music a more exciting feel. Walking bass as it was termed supported the melody. In using instruments instead of vocals the scale range

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Compare and contrast two works from the same genre from different eras.

1293 WordsNov 28th, 20136 Pages

Compare and contrast two works from the same genre which were written at least a generation or half a century apart. Consider and explain similarities and differences with regard to musical style and historical context.

The Renaissance and Baroque era entailed very different characteristics, due to the Renaissance composers writing more freely and being more individual then those of the Baroque era where they followed more ‘rules’ and experimented less. This essay will show the difference in two pieces by different composers, even though they were written less than a century apart. Giovanni Gabrieli was an Italian composer born in 1554 and wrote many works in the ‘in between’ stage of Renaissance and Baroque. He was a composer and…show more content…

The cello and organ provide the basso continuo, following the figured bass. The modulation in bar 10 to A major ends in a V7 - I, providing strength to the piece. This differs from Sonata pian’e forte which is in the Dorian mode with lots of root position chords (bar 1 and 2) and suspensions (bar 3). The melody is mostly stepwise and the tierce de Picarrdie in bar 4 gives a sense of balanced phrasing. This is felt again in bar 8, due to the consonant 4th. The modal harmony in bar 13 creates an imperfect cadence to mark the end of the A1 section. An interesting phrygian cadence (IVb - V) is used in bar 16 leads into a short circle of 5ths (bar 17) and then a perfect cadence in F major with a 4-3 suspension (bar 20). This ‘busy-ness’ before cadences was not uncommon, due to the very expressive works that were composed in this era. Trio Sonata also uses engaging rhythms and harmonies, for example, the 7-6 suspension in bar 9 and the hemiola before the perfect cadence in bar 28. Corelli also uses an inverted tonic pedal in bar 15 to create a sense of strength and anticipation before the start of the B section. “Unity of mood in Baroque is first conveyed by the continuity of rhythm.”3 This quote shows the importance of rhythm in the Baroque era, particularly lively, driving

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